What is a Pour Over Coffee? (Made Clear)

pouring hot water through coffee filter

Short Explanation: Pour over coffee is made by filtering coffee grounds with hot water.

Coffee is one of the world’s most famous go-to beverages. To prepare a cup of coffee, several brewing methods have been developed.

Everyone has a favorite way to drink coffee which could be poured over, pressed, pulled, or dripped.

This article will cover the majority of what you need to know about pour-over coffee, including its description, how it differs from other types of coffee, how to prepare it, and a slew of other fun and interesting facts.

Let’s get into it!

What is a Pour Over Coffee?

Pour-over coffee is a kind of coffee brewed using the “pour over” method.

You probably haven’t heard of the term “specialty coffee,” but I got you!

It only means that this steamy cup of joe, brewed using freshly ground high-quality beans, is bare yet dignified in its own sense. 

According to the Specialty Coffee Association of America (SCAA), one of its coffee-brewing methods is called pour over. 

It’s pouring hot water on the coffee grounds through a filter.

Along with its uncomplicated brewing process, the method is quite well acknowledged. 

To extract the powdered coffee, pour boiling water into a coffee powder.

The water filters through the coffee and into a carafe or mug.

Pour-over coffee should be left for a few minutes to allow the coffee grounds to set completely before being served.

The method has long been used in Europe, but it has only just been “reintroduced” by the specialty coffee movement.

What is Different About Pour Over Coffee?

Pour-over coffee has a less intense flavor profile, though it might be more gentle.

Additionally, unlike other methods of brewing, it’s prepared by hand.

As compared to other brewing methods, pour over enhances the rich flavor of coffee as it lets the aroma and earthy taste dominate.

This method constantly refills the liquid around the coffee grounds with newer and fresher water resulting in a quicker and more efficient brewing.

Since it’s an infusion method, it extracts coffee solubles more thoroughly than immersion methods like the French press. 

The beans used in pour-over coffee are typically from a single origin, which means they’re not blended and comes from a single coffee producer.

Pour over is differentiated by the fact that it’s prepared by hand-pouring the water over the coffee. 

What are the Benefits of Pour Over Coffee?

Pour-over coffee, like any other form of coffee, offers several benefits to its consumers.

Pour-over coffee has a lot of benefits!

Here are a few of the most notable benefits:

Better Extraction Technique

Pour over is an infusion method that extracts coffee solubles more efficiently than immersion methods.

Immersion techniques produce water saturation, whereas pour-overs require a continuous supply of fresh water.

This method necessitates the use of a paper filter to remove extra residues and oils from the beans, resulting in a less colored flavor. 

When roasters try new experimental coffee flavors, they adopt this brewing method to get as close to the genuine flavor as possible.

Because the water is warmed and the slur is mixed before all of the water seeps through, the pour over coffee technique produces a highly strong extraction. 

This results in a very strong, well-extracted mug of coffee in your hands without the lengthy, time-consuming cleanup necessary with a press pot.

Simple to Prepare

Proper handling of an espresso machine demands rigorous training.

Fancy computerized coffee machines need a comprehensive manual and the pressing of far too many buttons while a simple pour-over coffee brings you back in time.

The only thing standing in the way of brewing the greatest cup of coffee imaginable is you. You have greater control, and you may improve your abilities over time to learn how to make your ideal cup.

Budget-friendly and Practical

You read that correctly!

It’s not expensive. 

Electronic coffee makers frequently fail and must be replaced, while espresso machines are too expensive to maintain. 

A simple pour-over can last you for a while and is much less costly than purchasing coffee day after day.

But, wait! There’s more.

With a pour over coffee brewing setup, you could have freshly ground coffee whenever and wherever you wish. No need to plug anything in; all you need is hot water and ground coffee!

There are no electronic components, no moving parts that are prone to failure, and no high maintenance expenses. 

Pour-over coffee may be prepared not only at home, but also on the go, such as during picnics, camping trips, or by the seaside.

A Meditative Practice

With everything around us being so exhausting most of the time, finding even moments of serenity may be tough. 

Brewing a pour-over coffee is a time in the day that may let you escape from the fast pace of the urban world.

Giving yourself a quiet minute at any time of day may assist you to calm your mind down, contemplate, and renew your creative thinking.

Numerous Health Advantages

A recent study shows that using filters to remove heart-harming cholesterol from coffee dramatically decreases the likelihood of death from cardiovascular disease.

Previous studies have shown that filters remove large amounts of the two chemical compounds contained in coffee: cafestol and kahweol, which are known to increase lipid levels, therefore, increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

As a reference, one study explored whether the method of brewing coffee is related to any death or cardiovascular mortality.

This study mentioned that unfiltered brew was found to be related to greater mortality than filtered brew, whereas filtered brew was found to be associated with lower mortality than no coffee intake.

Is Pour Over Coffee Unhealthy?

Pour-over coffee is relatively healthy.

In fact, it is preferred over unfiltered coffee since it is filtered.

How you prepare your daily cup of coffee has an influence that extends beyond flavor and style that impacts how your health too.

Though the real health benefits of coffee are a hotly disputed issue, it’s undeniably true that a cup of filtered coffee is preferable to a cup of unfiltered coffee.

Pour-over coffee, on the other hand, isn’t harmful to your heart’s health. However, like with anything else, moderation is key.

Pour Over Coffee Filter

It could be paper, cloth, or metal and could also be bleached or unbleached.

If you’re wondering what a coffee filter does, it prevents your coffee from becoming slurry. 

Paper coffee filters are one of the brewing experts’ top picks.

If you don’t want to keep dumping paper, I suggest using reusable cloth and metal coffee filters. 

Cloth filters have been around for quite a long time, and perhaps some consumers like them since they don’t interfere with flavor and have a lower environmental impact than paper filters.

Metal filters, which are built to last a lifetime, don’t generate any paper waste. They let very little amounts of micro-grounds, as well as the coffee’s inherent oils, into your drink resulting in strong, full, and packed flavor.

Since most coffee filters are designed for certain brewing equipment, experts also prefer the natural size 02 Hario V60 filters, which aren’t bleached and can be disposed of after you’re done.

As long as you have a good grinder, these filters will allow you to produce excellent coffee.

It’s a fantastic, inexpensive, and handy alternative to a coffee machine. You may purchase a cheap plastic one or invest in truly good ceramic or similar material.

There are several alternatives available, but for a perfect pour-over, you just need basic equipment.

Best Pour Over Coffee Method

There’s no such thing as a “best method” for preparing pour-over coffee because it all relies on how it was made and how skilled you are.

To ensure uniform extraction, be constant in your pouring and understand how to use blooming, pulse pouring, and agitation.

Blooming is the rapid bubbling up of water that takes place as you pour for the first time which is created by the degassing of carbon dioxide generated during the roasting process. Since carbon dioxide repels water, it can hinder even extraction, and disturbed grounds can sit at varying heights. 

Another technique is termed “pulse pouring” which refers to the use of multiple pours of specified volumes of water. 

You may play with the amount of water and the number of pours. This method helps in preventing grounds from creeping up the filter’s side. 

It also softly disrupts the grinds, allowing it to move about.

I think it’s a better option than constant pouring as continuous pouring efforts seek to create as equal flow and saturation as possible, whereas pulse pouring is purposely varied.

When changing your recipe, another thing to consider I think is the pouring technique.

Various pours will have different effects on extraction and, as a consequence, will have different implications on your brew.

Lastly is the agitation, a minor disturbance of the coffee grounds during the brewing process. 

Agitation disperses grounds that channeling might leave “high and dry” on the filter and also dissolves any dry clumps in the coffee bed. It also promotes even extraction by ensuring that all grounds are saturated.

There are several methods for agitating coffee, including stirring or swirling the brew.

How to Brew Pour Over Coffee?

Pour-over coffee is a hands-on, rather than a machine-driven, process.

Coffee may be prepared in a variety of ways, depending on the type of beans used and the intensity of the roasting.

The following are three popular ways to prepare coffee:

  • drip coffee machine
  • French press
  • pour-over

Pour-over coffee takes concentration to brew by hand as it requires you to pay close attention to every step, beginning with the beans you purchase.

They should be fresh, not more than a week after being roasted and the beans and should also be roasted lightly so that you can taste more than the bitter, ashtray dump of burnt coffee.

You also must pay much attention to your water. The use of tap water is not permissible as it includes compounds that could affect the taste.

I strongly suggest using filtered water only.

Ingredients

  • 1 3/4 cup (395 grams) water
  • 1/4 cup (23 grams) freshly ground medium-fine coffee beans, ground shortly before brewing

Steps for Brewing Better Coffee at Home and Reducing Costs:

  1. Boil some water in a tea kettle and set aside for 1 minute and 30 seconds. The duration will vary depending on how your kettle maintains heat. Also, keep in mind you want a temperature of about 205 degrees.
  2. While the water is warming up, grind the coffee beans to a medium-fine state.
  3. Position the paper filter in the dripper onto your coffee cup and wet it with hot water. Before beginning your pour over, drain out any water that has dripped into the cup.
  4. Fill the dampened filter with the grounds. Spread the grounds evenly on the dripper’s bottom to form a level surface.
  5. Pour just about enough hot water to moisten the grounds but not to submerge them. The grounds should begin to boil and possibly rise. Allow 30 seconds for the grounds to rise.
  6. Pour the hot water into the dripper’s center, approximately 8 inches just above the apparatus, in a thin stream. Pour in concentric circles over the grounds until you reach the dripper’s outer edge, ensuring no stray grounds are trapped in the filter’s folds.
  7. As you add hot water, the color of the grounds will change, generally from dark to light brown. They will also form bubbles.
  8. Continue the concentric-circle pouring method until the kettle is emptied and this process usually take 3 to 4 minutes.
  9. If your pour time is less than 3 minutes, finely grind your beans the next time you attempt it. If you have more than 4 minutes, grind them a little coarser.
  10. Take away the dripper from the cup, dispose of the grounds, and allow the coffee to settle for a few minutes before tasting it.

Learn more on how to brew the best pour-over coffee by watching the video below.

How to brew the best pour-over coffee?

What is a Pour Over Coffee Maker?

A pour over coffee maker is a piece of brewing equipment that varies in functionality to offer a richly flavored pour-over coffee.

Pour Over Coffee Maker

The rationale behind why pour-over is the preferable brewing method at high-end coffee shops, according to The NY Times, is that it’s an easy method with a rich aftertaste that you don’t get in a machine. 

Begin with a decent dripper for great results and here are a few recommendations that have been proven and tested:

Dripper Kalita Wave 185

The flat bottom of the Kalita Wave provides the most uniform extraction and the greatest coffee of any pour-over dripper tried.

Coffee Dripper Hario V-60 (Size 02)

Pour-over specialists will enjoy the Hario Dripper since it needs better precision and particular attention to the pace and direction of your pour.

Ceramic Coffee Dripper by Bee House

This dripper uses inexpensive filters found in supermarkets, making it perfect for beginners who value convenience above perfecting the complexities of pour-over coffee.

Six Cup Classic Series by Chemex

The Chemex is as beautiful as it’s functional, making multiple cups at once and producing a wonderful, vibrant coffee that the testers adored.

Is Pour Over Worth It? (Final Thoughts)

Most of us who are coffee junkies recognize that nothing beats a nice hot cuppa to start the day. 

The best cup of coffee for your daily caffeine fix is determined by your priorities as a coffee drinker.

If you want a faster and reliable average cup, an electric drip is a way to go!

However, if you need your caffeine fix in the morning and want to push yourself and perhaps make a superb cup that’s suited to your preferences, give pour over coffee a go!

Matt Marshall

As I learn more and more about coffee and coffee products I want to share all my learnings with you here on this website. I hope you find my articles useful and entertaining to read.

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