Short Answer: Making coffee is simple but has many methods depending upon what result is required. Brewing coffee is one of the most common ways of making coffee.
Did you know that coffee is among the most popular drinks worldwide? It’s notorious for its aroma and flavor, and the instant energy jolt that it gives from the caffeine. But since it’s spread all over the globe, every region has its own way of making it.
Some boil coffee while some brew coffee. Also, if you’re making coffee at home, according to whatever results you require, you can make coffee with multiple methods.
You don’t have to be confused. Keep on reading this article as we find out interesting methods of making coffee.
What Is Brewed Coffee?
Brewed coffee means having to pour hot water over coffee grounds and let it seep through it. One end holds the water constituent with the coffee and the other retains the coffee grounds.
Over the years, coffee has evolved from being a luxury drink into an everyday drink that is available in every house. People usually brew a fresh cup of coffee early in the morning to give them that much-needed caffeine.
Also, coffee is one of the largest sources of antioxidants. With this being said, the constant evolution of coffee throughout the years has developed many ways in which coffee is made. But the most popular way of making coffee is brewing. But what does brewed coffee mean?
It means that nearly boiling hot water is added to coffee grounds. Brewing coffee doesn’t mean mixing coffee grounds with hot water. It only means that the hot water has been passed through the coffee grounds for several minutes without being stirred or mixed. And the water that comes out from this reaction is brewed coffee.
I found this fantastic video for you to watch the method for brewed coffee.
Coffee Brewing Methods
There are various brewing methods that are used to make different-tasting coffee. They’re immersion brew, drip brew, and espresso.
Coffee is essentially brewed around the world. This is the most effective way to get the most out of the coffee grounds. But since there are a variety of different brewing methods, each factor like time, temperature, and gadget used, affects the taste and potency of each cup of coffee.
You may prefer to drink a cup of coffee from one method and not the other. That’s because each cup of each method tastes different.
These three methods of brewing are:
- Immersion Brew
- Drip Brew (Pour Over)
Since there are three main ways for brewing coffee. We will discuss each one of them in detail.
This brewing method is gaining a lot of popularity in recent times. I have a separate article on it if you’re interested in a more detailed review of it.
This is not a shortcut for people who want to make their coffee within minutes manually – of course, without machine intervention like French Press.
Doing this manually takes several hours. But anyhow, in this method, the whole idea is to steep the coffee grounds in water. In this brewing method, you can change the water temperature.
Many people who prefer cold brew use this method. You can either add nearly boiling water or chilled iced water into the coffee grounds. Then, you let it steep into the water for several hours. After this is done, you filter out the concoction and your immersion brew coffee is ready. Voila!
Typically, in immersion brewing, the coffee grounds are allowed to sit in the water for 6 to 24 hours. In this method, you can control the number of coffee grounds, the quantity of water, and the time as in for how long would you like the coffee ground to steep in water. And also, the temperature of the water.
Plus, you can choose the roast levels of the coffee grounds as well as your liking. Essentially, it is made with medium roast and coarse coffee grounds.
The key to getting your desired cup of coffee is getting the coffee ground correctly ground. If not done correctly, the coffee can taste too weak, too strong, or even sandy. For a stronger brew, you can use finer ground coffee in a shorter period of time. And coarse grounds of coffee work best when you are letting the grounds sit in water for a long period of time.
Lastly, the ideal water temperature for immersion brewing should be 195ºF to 205ºF (90.5ºC and 96ºC), and for cold brewing 68O F (20O C). In addition to this, it is recommended that you use 60 grams of coffee for every liter of water by professional coffee brewers.
Drip Brew (Pour Over)
This brewing method is quite the opposite of immersion brewing. Though the whole adding water to the coffee grounds thing is the same. But the way the water is added, the pace, and the temperature, everything is controlled.
Basically, on top of a large vessel, a paper filter is added with medium-fine or medium-coarse coffee grounds. Then water is poured slowly.
These coffee grounds steep in the water and then the water gets dripped into the empty vessel – thus this method’s name. Depending on what result you want and the quantity, this whole dripping water process can either be under 5 minutes or more than an hour.
Pour-over brewing ensures a faster brew time compared with immersion brewing, which can involve sitting the coffee grounds in water for a long time before brewing. Freshwater is constantly introduced to the coffee grounds during the pour-over brewing process, which speeds up the process.
On the other hand, introducing freshwater continuously can have the adverse effect of releasing too much flavor from the grounds too quickly, thereby reducing the final quality.
The ideal temperature of the water in this brewing method should be 210ºF (99ºC) if you’re using a coffee ground of a light roast and 200ºF (93ºC) if you’re using coffee grounds of a darker roast. Plus, for every liter of water, 60 to 70 gm of coffee grounds.
Now you might be wondering, why the name espresso comes in the list of methods of brewing. Well, it is accounted as a separate way of brewing is because it uses pressure.
When coffee makers make espresso in the machine, the coffee grounds are steeped through the water.
But the coffee machine also applies pressure to the steeping coffee grounds thus making it a strong and very potent cup of coffee. That’s the sole reason that espresso is used as a base for several coffees but solely is drunk in a 1 oz shot glass.
The coffee machine gives you control over the temperature, the pressure put on the grounds, the overall steeping time, and quantity. Therefore, it’s its own kind of brewing method.
Below I’ve prepared a table for you to see the caffeine content for coffee brewed in all three methods.
|Brewing Method||Quantity||Caffeine Content|
|Immersion Brewing||8 oz||100 to 110 mg|
|Cold Brew (immersion)||8 oz||80 to 100 mg|
|Drip Method (pour-over)||8 oz||150 to 175 mg|
|Espresso||1 oz||47 to 70 mg|
Is Coffee Brewed Or Cooked?
Coffee is never cooked. Coffee is always brewed or boiled. Turkish and Greek coffee is made by boiling coffee.
Coffee is a very complex drink. Though it might look simple, it actually isn’t. As discussed above, the brewing method heavily affects the taste and the aroma of the end product. So, you need to be mindful of how you are making your cup of coffee. You can either brew your coffee manually or through a coffee machine like French Press or Moka Pot. But coffee is never cooked.
If you start putting coffee into a pot on a stove and cook it like golden milk, it will be over-extracted. Thus, leading to a bitter and burned flavor. Though, I would like to add here, that Turkish coffee or Greek coffee is boiled coffee. It’s not brewed.
When making these coffees, they boil the coffee ground with water for a few minutes and then serve it. No filter is used and they’re poured in small cups to enjoy.
The coffee settles underneath the cup as they sip on it slowly. So, no brewing happens here. Even the grounds that are used are fine and are often called the Turkish grind.
So, in conclusion, coffee is brewed and not cooked.
How Do You Brew Coffee At Home?
You can easily brew coffee at home. There are many ways like using a coffee cone, Chemex, French press, Siphon, Moka Pot, and Aeropress through which you can easily brew coffee at home.
Coffee brewing doesn’t have to be overwhelming for you. Yes, it does have a whole lot of technique to it, but you can take it nice and slow and hopefully learn along the way.
Plus, people usually prefer buying their caffeine fix ready to drink from coffee shops like Starbucks. But a true coffee connoisseur is looking for efficient ways to brew delicious cups of coffee right from home.
A drip method using a coffee cone and paper filter is the simplest, fastest, and cheapest way to brew coffee. During the brewing process, hot water is evenly poured over coffee grounds.
Gradually and directly, the brewed coffee drips into the cup or pot as gravity works.
Ceramic, stainless steel, glass, or plastic are the materials used for coffee cones. Their shape and the filters they use will affect the taste. Bee House, Melitta, Kalita Wave, and Hario V60 are some of the popular brands.
- Coffee grounds – Medium to fine grind
- Quantity of coffee grounds – 3 tbsp
- Flavor- Smooth and balanced
- Time – 1 to 4 minutes
- Can make only 1 cup of coffee at a time
This is an elegantly designed coffee maker that has a glass flask. The Chemex paper filter is 20 to 30 percent heavier in comparison to other filters.
The whole process is the same as in the coffee cone. But the dripped coffee which is in the bottom of the glass flask has another purpose. It can also double up as a carafe and is used to pour coffee into your cup.
- Coffee grounds – Medium grind
- Quantity of coffee grounds – 6 tbsp
- Flavor- Clean and balanced
- Time – 4 minutes
- Can yield 6 cups of coffee
Stove-top Moka Pot
This is the most convenient way to get espresso-style coffee from the comfort of your home. The mid chamber of the coffee maker is heated by pressure-generated steam and boiling water in the lower portion of the pot.
Then, the brewed coffee will be in the upper chamber. Kabalo, Pedrini, and Bialetti are popular brands.
- Coffee grounds – Fine to medium coarse grind
- Quantity of coffee grounds –2.5 to 3 tbsp
- Flavor- Bitter and strong
- Time – 5 minutes
- Can make 6 cups of coffee
This is the most luxurious way of brewing coffee. The coffee made using French press has a very strong flavor profile and contains most of the coffee compounds. It is one of the best ways to extract flavors.
Ground coffee is steeped in hot water, soaked, steeped, and then strained, which maintains coffee’s aromatic essential oils, caffeine, and antioxidants, retaining their purest flavors.
If you enjoy coffee with a rich, complex, and expressive taste, then this is the coffee for you. Bodum is the most popular brand for French Press.
- Coffee grounds – Very coarse grind
- Quantity of coffee grounds – 2 to 2.5 tbsp
- Flavor- Clean, robust, and bold
- Time – 4 minutes
- Can yield upto 8 cups
This is a very boozy yet fun way to brew coffee at home. The upper vessel is filled with coffee grounds, and vapor pressure forces hot water up to immerse them.
Gravity forces brewed coffee to pass through a filter into the bottom vessel once the heat has been removed. The most common brands are Yama, Hario, and Bodum.
- Coffee grounds – Medium coarse grind
- Quantity of coffee grounds – 6 tbsp
- Flavor- Delicate and mellow
- Time – 6 to 7 minutes
- Can make 2 to 4 cups of coffee
This is a plastic coffee maker that has gained a lot of popularity recently. The coffee grounds are added to the brew chamber. The filter is on the bottom of this chamber.
Hot water then steeps or immerses the grounds. Then to extract the cracked coffee grounds, the plunger is pushed downwards making air pressure and pushing the brewed coffee through the filter and then into the cup.
- Coffee grounds – Fine to medium coarse grind
- Quantity of coffee grounds –2.5 tbsp
- Flavor- Full, rounded, and sweet
- Time – 1 to 2 minutes
- Can make 1 cup of coffee only
My Final Verdict
Coffee is a very complex drink that needs a lot of attention. This simple-looking drink has a lot of components that a true coffee maker and drinker knows about.
With basic methods down, you can brew coffee using manual means or using a high-tech coffee maker that you see in a coffee shop.
Most people prefer to grab their coffee on the go due to time restrictions, but you can easily brew a fantastic cup of coffee at home within minutes using any methods that you like.
Plus, each method will determine the taste and aroma of the coffee, so choose according to your liking.